Ukubandakanywa Kwezobulungiswa Kwezobugebengu

Cishe Abantu abayizigidi ezi-2 abanezifo ezingathi sína kwengqondo babhukishwa emajele ezweni lonke unyaka nonyaka 1.

Abantu abanezinkinga zempilo yengqondo bamelwe ngokweqile emajele nasematilongweni e-United States yonke. Ngokusho koMnyango Wezobulungiswa wase-US Bureau of Justice Statistics, u-37% weziboshwa zombuso kanye nohulumeni kanye no-44% weziboshwa eziboshiwe babikwa ukuthi banokuphazamiseka kwengqondo.[1] Uma sebeboshiwe, abantu abanezifo zengqondo bavame ukuhlala isikhathi eside ejele futhi lapho bededelwa, basengozini enkulu yokubuyela ekuvalelweni kunalabo abangenakho ukugula ngengqondo.

Ezinye zezizathu ezivame kakhulu zamazinga aphezulu okuboshwa kwabantu abanezifo zengqondo kufaka phakathi ukuboshwa ngokuziphatha noma ngezenzo ezihlobene nokugula kwengqondo okungalashwa, ukungaziqondi izifo zengqondo ngabaphathi bezomthetho nezikhulu zenkantolo, ukungabi nezinhlelo zokuphambukisa ejele, a ukushoda kwezindlu eziphephile nezingabizi, nokutholakala okulinganiselwe kwezinsizakalo zokwelashwa kwezifo zengqondo. Ngeshwa, lapho abantu abaphila nezifo zengqondo beboshwa futhi bevalelwa, babhekana nezinselelo okunzima ukuzinqoba.

Ngisho nokuboshwa isikhashana kungaholela ekulahlekelweni umsebenzi namathuba okuqashwa esikhathini esizayo, impilo ebuthaka ngokomzimba nangokokuziphatha ngenxa yokuphuka kwezinsizakalo zokunakekelwa kwezempilo nokwelashwa, ukulahleka kwezindlu namathuba ezindlu ezizayo, nokuphazamiseka empilweni yomndeni nasekuxhumaneni nomphakathi. Ngokwengeziwe, ingcindezi yokubandakanyeka ohlelweni lobulungiswa bobugebengu iyacindezela futhi ingaqinisa izimpawu zezifo zengqondo abantu ababhekana nazo.

ITexas isebenza ukusiza abantu abaphila nezifo zengqondo ukuthi bagweme ukuzibandakanya ohlelweni lwezobulungiswa. Kusetshenziswa i-Sequential Intercept Model, ama-ejensi wombuso nawendawo aklama izinhlelo zokuxhasa imiphakathi yasendaweni njengoba ikhulisa ukutholakala kwezinsizakalo zokwelashwa kweziguli ezingalaliswanga, izinhlelo zokuphambukisa ejele, izindlu eziphephile nezingabizi, izinkantolo zezempilo yengqondo, nezinsizakalo zokubuyiselwa kwabangaphandle.

Imininingwane engaphezulu kanye Nezinsizakusebenza

Kunezinsizakusebenza eziningi ezitholakalayo maqondana nezinhlelo nemikhuba emihle yokwehlisa inani labantu abanezifo zengqondo ohlelweni lwezobulungiswa. Vakashela:


Imithombo

1. Isinyathelo Sokwenyuka

2. UBronson, J., noBerzofsky, M. (2017). Izinkomba zezinkinga zempilo yengqondo ezibikwe yiziboshwa neziboshwa zasejele, ngo-2011-12. Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1-16

https://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/imhprpji1112.pdf

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